How to Avoid an $11M Age Discrimination Lawsuit

Dr. Ryan Giffen

The AgeDiscrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) has been the law of the land since1967.  However, whether willfully or not, company's like Google continueto get sued for allegedly discriminating towards persons over the age of40.  In a recent case  Heath v. Google LLC, No. 15-cv-01824 (N.D.California July 19, 2019), Google settled an age discrimination case for$11M.  What can you do to protect your company and limit yourliability? 

This news comes as no surprise.  In a 2017 report the California Department of Fair Employment and Housing (DFEH), reported that 1,836 employment- based complaints were due to age discrimination.  The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), reported 22,430 claims were filed in 2017.

Here's the deal, agebias allegations will continue to rise as long as employees continue to stay inthe workforce.  Think about it, for thefirst time since the industrial revolution, there are 5 generations workingtogether in offices across the country (traditionalist, baby boomers, Gen X,Millennials, and Gen Z).  Traditionalistand Baby Boomers continue to work longer than previous generations. Some chooseby choice and others by force due to rising healthcare costs and a lack ofretirement savings.

As the employer, howdo you prevent age discrimination lawsuits when the majority of the workforceis over 40 years old?  Well….you can't!  You heard me right…you can't prevent an agediscrimination lawsuit.  Any pastemployee (depending on your State and/or Federal statute of limitations) cansue you.  So then, the next set ofquestions you should ask yourself are, are you ready?  What have you done to protect yourbusiness?  How can you limit yourliability? How can you prevent an age discrimination lawsuit in the firstplace?

Surprisingly, you can protect yourself and your business quite easily with little direct cost involved.  First, are you treating employees the way they should be treated? Are you showing care, respect, and dignity to all employees regardless of their age?  Second, are you treating all employees equally and equitably through accountability and discipline? Not playing favorites nor avoiding the tough conversations that must be had to ensure maximum fairness across the organization? Third, do you have a sound documentation process? In a time of terminations or layoffs, are you maintaining records and written documentation every step of the way that will show a jury of your peers that the decision you executed made "reasonable business sense?" 

Running a business can be tough, of course!  But treating people the way they should be treated is not rocket science.  Treat people right, document the process, and hold all persons consistently accountable.  Whether you're an employee, manager, or an owner, one day it's possible you yourself may be discriminated against due to your age.  How do you think that's going to feel?